Hierarchy: According to Louis Dumont , castes teach us a fundamental social principle of hierarchy. An important ethnography that draws on Louis Dumont's emphasis on the ideological consensus of purity and pollution to examine social relations and religious structure among an untouchable caste in a southern Indian village. Dumont’s hierarchical tree will endure or fall according to how it withstands one Homo Hierarchicus: An Essay on the Caste crucial test of internal consistency: whether System. Moon, Vasant. Louis Dumont (1911-1998), an eminent sociologist and Indologist, was a towering figure in the fields of sociology and anthropology in the world. Mark Sains- it successfully integrates the purity-impurity bury, trans. Louis Dumont has described caste system as Indian model of social stratification which is opposite to the western model of stratification based on class. They are not considered to be included in the ranked castes. Louis Dumont (1970) Homo Hierarchicus: An Essay on the Caste System. Comparison between caste and class. unclean and polluting, such as scavenging and skinning dead animals and are considered outcastes. Restrictions on Occupations: The different castes are usually associated with traditional occupations. This concept of dividing people in terms of pollution and purity was given by the famous Anthropologist Louis Dumont. The varnas are then divided into specialized sub-castes called jatis. According to him, caste has a relationship with each other in terms of economy, political and kinship surviving by following certain values that are said to be religious. It is today the basis of affirmative action programmes in India. called castes. In fact, Dumont highlights the ‘state of mind’, which ti expressed by the emergence in various. 1] In class, the status is determined by merit or worth. Each jati is composed of a group deriving its livelihood primarily from a specific occupation. Each of these castes is a well developed social group, the membership of which is determined by the consideration of birth. People are born into a The caste system in India is the paradigmatic ethnographic example of caste.It has origins in ancient India, and was transformed by various ruling elites in medieval, early-modern, and modern India, especially the Mughal Empire and the British Raj. Louis Dumont later insisted that dominance arises solely from economic power rather than factors such as numerical strength, and that this power flows exclusively from control of land (Dumont 1970). Dumont says that caste … There are around 3000 castes and 25,000sub-castes in India. LOUIS DUMONT. The major attributes of caste are the hierarchy, the separation, and the division of labor. According to chaturvarna system, the Hindu society was divided into four main varnas – ... For Louis Dumont, the caste system is not a form of stratification but a special form of inequality. 2. 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