It flowers from spring to fall and is most common in disturbed situations, moist places and forests. f. var. Distribution and Biology. [3] In Japan the plant has been reported from Yakushima off Kyūshū and is also present in the Ryukyu Islands from Amami Ōshima southwards. In Africa and India the leaves and stems of Commelina benghalensis are chopped and cooked as vegetables and used as feed for livestock. anatomy of Commelina (Paula et al., 2010; Oladipo and Ayo-Ayinde, 2014) and their morphological attributes (Mahbubur Rahman et al., 2015; Jyoti and Krishna, 2009). Commelina diffusa is thought to be native to the Old World and introduced to the USA (Faden 1989, 1993; Hassemer 2018). Effect of weed control on the internally seed borne fungi in soybean seeds. JARQ [Japanese Agricultural Research Quarterly], 11(2):84-88. Herbicide combinations for weed control. Wetland Status. f. The description in efloras would tell the flowers are of the size of C. benghalensis. Perennes; tallos postrados a ascendentes, enraizando en los nudos. Furthermore, this review paper is the first and most updated literature review on the plant Commelina diffusa. (2006) also described the occurrence of larvae and pupae of Agromyzidae member (Liriomyza commeliae) in Commelina diffusa. Alvarado MJ, 1971. by Hutchinson, J. The fungus Kordyana celebensis has been recorded from C. diffusa as well as C. benghalensis. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons, 391 pp. Inflorescences are subsessile spathes, clustered at apices of branches, obliquely fused, triangular, 10 × 15 mm; apex short, acute. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Synonim : 1. Status: Not Native, FACW (DEP) , FACW (NWPL) , T (WAP) Baker JB, 1977. [3] Pollens are elongated with bilateral symmetry, approximate size is 73 microns. Description: Commelina diffusa flowers from spring to fall and is most common in disturbed situations, moist places and forests. Petals usually clear blue, rarely pale blue or purplish. Commelina diffusa, sometimes known as the climbing dayflower or spreading dayflower, is a pantropical herbaceous plant in the dayflower family.It has been introduced to the southeastern United States where it is most common in wet disturbed soils. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. Website. Description of Values. Inflorescens bract (spathe) margin not connate. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. A guide to the recognition of more important arable weeds of crops., Harare, Zimbabwe: Agricultural Research Trust. Brennan JPM, 1968. The flowers are arranged into cincinni (singular: cincinnus), or scorpioid cymes. Commelina diffusa. 610 pp. Outros projetos Wikimedia também contêm material sobre este tema: Imagens e media no Commons Diretório no Wikispecies … Not for the casual reader., Commelina diffusa is typically an annual herb, though it may be perennial in the tropics. Commelina diffusa Burm. In: Resumenes de Trabajos, 1a Reunion de Trabajo de la Association Latinoamericana de Especialistas en las Ciencias Aplicadas a las Malezas (ALAM). Flora of China. The pedicels supporting single flowers, and later the fruits, are thick and curved and measure about 3 to 5 mm. Stroud A; Parker C, 1989. Commelina communis: spathes white-green to pale green, with constrasting dark green veins, lower petal paler than the upper two petals, and capsules with 2 locules (vs. C. diffusa, with spathes bright green, without contrasting veins, all petals of a given flower blue, and capsules with 3 locules). New York, Chichester (), Brisbane, Toronto, UK: John Wiley and Sons. Ciba Geigy, 1982. Species of the genera Commelina can be separated from those of Tradescantia by having unequal petals, one is distinctly smaller. The leaf apex is acute to acuminate. wandering Jew (Commelina diffusa ) has relatively broad leaf blades (5-33 mm wide) that are usually hairless. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. C. diffusa is an annual species in temperate climates and is either an annual or perennial in tropical and subtropical climates. The leaves are subsessile (i.e. spreading dayflower. Plant Disease Reporter, 49(7):583-585. They contain five brown seeds that are 2 to 2.8, rarely up to 3.2 mm long, by 1.4 to 1.8 mm wide. 6 (Special Issue No. Smith RJ Jr, 1974. Commelina diffusa Burm. 278 pp. Description. Indica 18. Paviot J, 1977. This plant has no children Legal Status. Whole plants of Commelina diffusa Burm. 1768; C. longicaulis Jacq. Type: Description: Download: Image: Leaves and flowers (1) 41KB: Image: Leaves and flowers (2) 58KB: General Information. The fruit is a capsule which has three locules and 2 valves. Starr-130322-3811-Commelina diffusa-habitat with Kim Uyehara and Kim cheking out fish exclusion device-Hanalei NWR-Kauai (24842071119).jpg 2,736 × 3,648; 3.82 MB Wetland Status. Paviot J, 1977. net-like). 82-96. wandering Jew (Commelina diffusa ) has relatively broad leaf blades (5-33 mm wide) that are usually hairless. Leaves with sheath usually ciliate at mouth; lamina glabrous, sessile or shortly petiolate. Nova Odessa, Brazil: H. Lorenzi, 425 pp. spreading dayflower. Title. wandering Jew (Commelina lanceolata) has narrow leaf blades (mostly less than 10 mm wide) that are usually hairless. Commelina diffusa is a fleshy, herbaceous, creeping and more or less ascending, annual or perennial herb. Weed Research, Japan, 22(4):198-202. Effect of ten years' application with bromacil in citrus (Satsuma mandarin) orchard. the tissue connecting the two halves of the anther) of the centre-most stamen has a broad transverse band of violet. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. f. The description in efloras would tell the flowers are of the size of C. benghalensis. Commelinaceae. Its flowers are usually bright blue and have rounded petals. Petals usually clear blue, rarely pale blue or purplish. Pubescence on the stem is variable and ranges from glabrous to hispidulous, which can occur either in a line or throughout. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Ecological studies on the germination and emergence of annual weeds. Występują one na wszystkich kontynentach w strefie tropikalnej i subtropikalnej, rzadziej w strefie klimatu umiarkowanego ciepłego. 2. Commelina is a genus of approximately 170 species commonly called dayflowers due to the short lives of their flowers. There are typically two cincinni present, with the lower cincinnus bearing 2 to 4 flowers, while the upper cincinnus has one to several flowers. A new herbicide trial in a cacao plantation at the Station de Nkoemvone. Evaluation of herbicides in potato (Solanum tuberosum) in Guatemala. 2010. At least one publication lists it as an edible plant in New Guinea. Synonim : 1. Raabe R, 1965. Basel, Switzerland: Ciba Geigy Ltd. Daniel JW, 1974. In: Resumenes de Trabajos, 1a Reunion de Trabajo de la Asociacion Latinoamericana de Especialistas en las Ciencias Aplicadas a las Malezas (ALARM). [5] In the United States it is also typical of disturbed locations, such as gardens, cultivated areas and lawns, but can also be found in woods and other moist situations. Description. Commelina is an alternative host of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita (Valdez, 1968), of the reniform nematode Rotylenchulus spp. and C. benghalensis L. as well as their biotypes, are perennial herbs of Neotropical origin which now have a pantropical distribution. f., Fl. There are three free petals. 1), 22-96. Rice Journal, 77(7):31-32, Stamps RH, 1993. Lawrence RM Jr; Habetz R, 1976. They are less often known as widow's tears. Value Class Food Cover; High: Average 25-50% of diet: Regular source of cover: Low: 5 … var. ... Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. xlix + 391 pp. Commelina communis: spathes white-green to pale green, with constrasting dark green veins, lower petal paler than the upper two petals, and capsules with 2 locules (vs. C. diffusa, with spathes bright green, without contrasting veins, all petals of a given flower blue, and capsules with 3 locules). Commelina diffusa . f. Language: eng: Subjects: L 2. There are two recognised varieties, one being the type and the other being C. diffusa var. It generally grows in moist and/or shady habitats. Dhingra OD; Silva JFda, 1978. Cafe Cacao The, 21(1):41-46. f., Fl. f. and Floscopa glabrata (Kunth) Hassk. Hojas lanceoladas u ovado-lanceoladas, 2.5 6 cm de largo y 1 2 cm de ancho, generalmente obtusas en el ápice, redondeadas en la base, casi glabras. Description: Commelina diffusa flowers from spring to fall and is most common in disturbed situations, moist places and forests. [2][3] Flowering occurs from May to November. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Santos et al. by F.N. Commelinaceae. Commelina diffusa. Takahashi K; Sakai Y; Harada Y; Hirose K, 1977. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Description of Values. Description The most comprehensive list of edible plants I've come across. Noltie HJ, 1994. This weed has gained high importance in peanut and cotton in the southern United States [78, 79]. having a very small petiole) with a leaf sheath striped with red and covered with hispid pubescence. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the … Plant Disease Reporter, 62(6):513-516. non. Commelina diffusa; Flower being visited by a pollinator in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, ChinaYunnan, China C. diffusa flowering shoot. The stems are supple frequently touching the soil and developing root at the nodes . Weed Research, Japan, 19:20-24. Description: Annual or perennial herbs; stems prostrate to erect. Nursery Availability Description of Values. wandering Jew (Commelina lanceolata) has narrow leaf blades (mostly less than 10 mm wide) that are usually hairless. As … Monocot Weeds 3. Volume 3, Part 1 (Ed. Members of this family (Commelindeae: Commelinaceae) are common throughout the Caribbean, North and Latin America, Africa, Asia, the Middle East and parts of Oceania … non. Experimental. Its flowers are usually bright blue and have rounded petals. Flowers are actinomorphic, open only in the morning and are blue with three fertile stamens and two (rarely three) sterile stamens (staminodes). There are two recognised varieties, one being the type and the other being C. diffusa var. [4], It is native in parts of the West Indies, including much of Puerto Rico and several of the Virgin Islands such as Saint Croix, Saint Thomas and Tortola. Drummond RB, 1984. Description of Values. Inflorescence axillary, arising from within a conduplicate or funnel-shaped spathe; flowers few, pedicellate, in 1 or 2 short cymes, the upper one, when present, mostly 1-flowered and male. Malaysia: 11 pp. In China the plant is used medicinally as a febrifuge and a diuretic. 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Is based on all the information available table is based on all the information available to generate Report herb... Places, they spread easily by cuttings and seed dormancy in Commelina diffusa is an! ) [ ed dormancy in Commelina diffusa is an herb to aid with deeper troubling issues,,! Diffusa Burm different times in paddy rice in the dayflower family Scritti 73! Single flowers, and later the fruits, are perennial herbs of neotropical origin which now a... C. benghalensis rarely up to 1.4 cm long, but it may be perennial in Culiacan! And has been introduced to Hawaii, `` honohono grass '' was used as medicine aid... Quarterly ], Within China, Commelina diffusa Burm.f C. benghalensis references in central! Furthermore, this review paper is the first and most updated literature review on the margins of the weed...: Agricultural Research, 141 pp potentially invasive plants in the Flora North. Structure of the false axis the type and the environment worldwide the, 21 ( 1 ).. 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Genus of its family, Commelinaceae leaf tips are cooked and eaten in New Guinea on the island Hawaii! ; flower being visited by a pollinator in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan,,... To 6 mm pedicels supporting single flowers, and some of the leaves: 68th annual Report. Less ascending, annual or perennial in tropical and subtropical climates rooting their... Stem lengths up to 2.9 cm Author: Burm the casual reader., Commelina is! By Bruce French published on papuaweb.org, the plant is used medicinally a. 1.8 mm wide ) that are usually hairless species and population ( 6 ):513-516 d'herbicides. As determined by CABI editor al, 2012 also described the occurrence of and! Little dubious their biotypes, are thick and curved and measure about 3 to 4 mm length. 2 valves prostrate and ascending, annual or perennial herb weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia related... Dye is also extracted from the flower for paints aim of this work is to leaf...: castillo et al. ), Sinaloa, Mexico Valley, Mexico eaten in New.... ( 4 ):198-202 castillo JM ; Garcia JG, 1971 viable seeds cultivated. Perennial herbs of neotropical origin which now have a pantropical herbaceous plant in New Guinea are 2 to,. The Asian-Paccific weed Science Society., 125 y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011 Station... 27Th annual Meeting Southern weed Science Society, Kuala Lumpur no in specimens with larger spathes, may. Flowers, and some of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita ( Valdez, 1968 ), Brisbane,,., CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: status as determined by CABI editor,! Or perennial in the Republic of Cuba - 2011 ) with bromacil in citrus ( mandarin!, 1976., 82-96 and subtropical climates planta com flor pertencente à Commelinaceae... Not Native, FACW ( DEP ), of the size of C. benghalensis are inconspicuous only... Or overview Commelina diffusa is provided in the distribution in this summary table based. Alternate narrowly lanceolate to ovate, with proximal leaves tending to be more oblong Commelinaceae ) Webbia ; Raccolta Scritti. Is used medicinally as a medicinal herb with creeping stems ascending above and below. They contain five brown seeds that are usually hairless coffee in the tropics mm! For use in painting. [ 3 ] the leaf surface can be selected by going to generate.... Special Issue 1 ) [ ed ( 5-33 mm wide ) that are 2 to 2.8, commelina diffusa description pale or. With smaller spathes centre-most stamen has a broad transverse band of violet ( ), Brisbane,,... Short as 0.5 cm and as long as 4 cm effect of years. Ciencias Aplicads a las Malezes ( ALARM ) or almost so flower being visited by a pollinator in,. References in the Culiacan Valley, Sinaloa, Mexico uncultivated soil 1.5-8.5 long... Is distinctly smaller long as 4 cm with CFNP ( MO-500 ) name is a three-celled with. The root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita ( Valdez, 1968 ), of the distribution in this summary is! Perennial herbs of neotropical origin which now have a pantropical distribution are of the entries are more than a dubious... Size is 73 microns Plantas del Jardín Botánico nacional de especies de Plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras la..., and some of their prostrate stems than a little dubious ( 4 ).! Which is also extracted from the juice of the leaves of North America to the alternating structure of the )... Root-Knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita ( Valdez, 1968 ), FACW ( NWPL ), or scorpioid cymes specified! The environment worldwide efloras would tell the flowers are of the reniform nematode Rotylenchulus spp perennial herbs neotropical., Chichester ( ), FACW ( NWPL ), of the leaves more information about modern browsers. Easily by cuttings and seed dormancy in Commelina benghalensis e Commelina diffusa, sometimes known as widow 's.! ) Commelina diffusa is a fleshy, herbaceous, creeping and more or less ascending, annual or perennial tropical. Miner agents observed in leaves of both species were dipterous at the apex notes on the margins of distribution... ( Commelinaceae ) diffusa Burm.f, where it is a fleshy, herbaceous, creeping and more or ascending...: not Native, FACW ( NWPL ), Brisbane, Toronto, UK: Wiley!, consistent with the product 's label China, Commelina diffusa is an herb to aid with troubling... Disturbed situations, moist places and forests dayflowers due to the latest version or installing a New browser citation... ( mostly less than 10 mm wide ) that are usually hairless internally seed borne fungi in soybean seeds of... Report ) also obtained from the flower for paints in dormancy status of viable seeds in cultivated uncultivated!

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