March 14, 1938. First, they tried rowing to shore, but the waves got even higher. 66-68. Gen. Rabbah 42:13: R. Judah said: [ha-Ivri signifies that] the whole world was on one side (ever) while [Abraham] was on the other side (ever). A God compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, abounding in kindness and faithfulness . It's always wise to obey the One who loves you most. The Book of Jonah appears to have a self-contained message that transcends its historical context.[4]. After all, they could not distinguish their right from their left in the sense that they served false deities. Aside from downplaying the role of the sailors in chapter 1, Uriel Simon sidesteps Jonah’s prayer by contending that it was not an original part of the story. Enlarge. [6] Elyakim Ben-Menahem, Da’at Mikra: Jonah, in Twelve Prophets vol. He prayed to the Lord, saying, “O Lord! . For this reason, it is important for them to learn about the techniques used to convey political messages and attitudes. What does Jonah mean? . Nowhere is there evidence of Jonah’s being upset about his or Israel’s reputation. [14] For further analysis of the interrelationship between Joel, Jonah, and Exodus 34, see Thomas B. Dozeman, “Inner Biblical Interpretation of Y-H-W-H’s Gracious and Compassionate Character,” JBL 108 (1989), pp. Thus, God’s prophecy at the outset of the narrative challenged Jonah’s very conception of God. Jonah still was the Ivri he proclaimed himself to be in 1:9, sharply contrasting himself with the pagans he encountered, and thereby remaining distanced from the God he knew would have compassion on them. He praised God, ending with the eerily prophetic statement, "Salvation comes from the Lord." In specific the book gives an account of Jonah's refusal of God's command for Jonah to travel to the the capital of Assyria, Nin,eveh and prophesy its destruction to the people. 259-269. March 1938. 148-161. He replied, let him repent and gain atonement. Jonah feared that he then would be called a false prophet once his prediction of Nineveh’s destruction went unfulfilled.[3]. The book is primarily concerned with the prophet Jonah, whom the book is named for. For I know that You are a compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in kindness, renouncing punishment. Pronounce Jonah [ 2 syll. The name Jonah is a boy's name of Hebrew origin meaning "dove". For fuller exploration of this and related disparities, see Hayyim Angel. March 24, 1938. VeggieTales has a continuous back story that all of the cartoons are teleplays, performed by various vegetables and fruit that live together on the same kitchen countertop. 1. his God--"his" still, though Jonah had fled from Him.Faith enables Jonah now to feel this; just as the returning prodigal says of the Father, from whom he had wandered, "I will arise and go to my Father" ( Luke 15:18). Sailors traditionally use the name Jonah to personify someone who brings bad luck. Jonah was happy with the vine, but the next day God provided a worm that ate the vine, making it wither. However, there is no indication of repentance in Jonah’s prayer. The people on the boat throw Jonah into the sea to stop it. Your human limitations are now fully exposed. Even Ibn Ezra, Abarbanel, and Malbim, who assert that Jonah must have agreed to go to Nineveh, grant that Jonah was unhappy about this concession. . She replied, The person who sins, only he shall die (Ezek. Ironically, then, Jonah’s profound fear and love of God are what caused him to flee initially, and to demand that God take his life. Jonah, on the other hand, displays none of these lofty qualities. Moreover, Jonah’s statement that he was a Hebrew who worshipped the true God appears tangential to the terrified sailors’ concerns. [12] One might argue further that God’s enjoining Jonah to return to Nineveh in 3:1-2 indicates that Jonah had indeed not repented. The term “Ivri (Hebrew)” often is used when contrasting Israelites with non-Israelites. 77-78; and see response of Uriel Simon to Henshke, “True Prayer and True Repentance,” (Hebrew), Megadim 31 (2000), pp. After waiting three days inside the fish, Jonah finally prayed to God. Remarkably, the captain sounds like a prophet when addressing Jonah— “How can you be sleeping so soundly! Jonah’s name appears eighteen times in the book, but nobody else—not even the king of Nineveh – is named. Jonah definition is - an Israelite prophet who according to the account in the book of Jonah resisted a divine call to preach repentance to the people of Nineveh, was swallowed and vomited by a great fish, and eventually carried out his mission. 1:15, 16, 19; 2:7, 11, 13; 3:18; 5:3; 7:16; 9:1, 13; 10:3. Moreover, since the Ninevites did repent, they obviously believed Jonah to be a true prophet. The Book of Jonah is a larger-than-life story of every individual who seeks closeness with God. Jonah is used chiefly in the English, French, Scandinavian, and Spanish languages, and its origin is Hebrew. It seems that Rashi has the smoothest reading: They who cling to empty folly: those who worship idols; forsake their own welfare: their fear of God, from whom all kindness emanates. From this point of view, there is a fundamental struggle between God on the one hand and wisdom and prophecy on the other. (1:9-10). He had influenced others for the better and had attained a deeper level of understanding of God and of his own place in this world. View. Jellinek, p. 102, quoted in Simon, JPS Bible Commentary: Jonah, introduction p. 12. What are synonyms for Jonah? CHAPTER 2. . After some time, the whale vomits him out, and Jonah does what God wants him to do. It also appeared in Yom Kippur Reader (New York: Tebah, 2008), pp. A storm comes. There is a further challenge in being absolutely committed to God, while still respecting moral people who espouse different beliefs. BBC One broadcasts the Mickey Mouse cartoon Mickey's Gala Premier on television. He should have explicitly offered repentance as an option, instead of proclaiming the unqualified doom of the Ninevites. On September 30, 1938, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain disembarked from his plane at Heston Aerodrome after returning to Britain from Munich. March 1938. 2:9-10). God had been willing to destroy the Ninevites for their immorality, but forgave them once they repented. It was asked of wisdom: what is the punishment for a sinner? 14:25 is a genuine predictive prophecy, this would place his ministry in the first half of the eighth century BC before the victories of Jeroboam II (786-746 BC). 7-9. Also means "peace" as the dove is a symbol of peace. Who knows but that God may turn and relent? What is the meaning of Jonah? In chapter 1, Jonah was indeed Abarbanel’s Ivri—a prophetic hero of true faith contrasting himself with pagans, and an avaryan—a sinner against God. (Ivri anokhi),” he replied. Makkot 2:6 [31d]). Published in the Chicago Daily News (1) The philanthropist. Adopting a middle position, Sforno suggests that Jonah repented, but the prayer included in the book is a psalm of gratitude after Jonah already was saved. Perhaps the god will be kind to us and we will not perish” (1:6)—while Jonah sounds like the inattentive audience a prophet typically must rebuke. Is there some area of your life in which you are defying God, and rationalizing it? “Commentary on Jonah” (Hebrew), HaMa’ayan 51:1 (Tishri 5771-2010), pp. Jonah told them to throw him overboard. [17] Midrash Jonah, ed. In this lesson, high school students learn to evaluate political cartoons for their meaning, message, and persuasiveness. What does Jonah mean? Did Jonah obey God when he went to Nineveh? Jonah found God's order unbearable. 59-70. 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