The plant's stem has been used as chewing stick to achieve oral health over ages in the Southern part of Nigeria (Aderinokun et al., 1999, Bankole et al., 2012, Ogunshe and Ademiluka, 2013. In conclusion, the results showed that most of the Nigerian chewing sticks do contain antibacterial activities which may contribute to the reported anticaries effect of chewing sticks. “At the community, we found about 70 per cent of those elderly using chewing stick were actually just chewing it … These sticks may be sources for new lead antibacterial agents for therapeutic or preventive applications. This study was designed to determine the antimicrobial activities of the ethanol and aqueous extracts of four different Nigerian chewing sticks namely: Fagara zanthoxyloides, Anogeissues leiocarpus, Distemorantus benthamianus and Psedocedrela kotschyi. YATA_YOTO: Dental experts accepted that the African practice of using the chewing stick to clean the mouth is superior to the chemically based tooth-brush and tooth-paste. It is generally thought that the beneficial effect of chewing stick is attributed to the mechanical cleansing effect and antimicrobial substances present in the stick. She, nevertheless, said since the chewing stick is being used to clean the teeth, its tuft must be ensured to clean all surfaces of the teeth and the tongue. Introduction. Stock market records new high as … crude extracts of four Nigerian chewing sticks (Pseudocedrela kotschyi, Massularia acuminate, Xanthoxylum zanthoxyloides, and Anogeissus schimperi). A number of plants are used as chewing sticks in West Africa, the lime tree (Citrus aurantifolia ) and the Investigations carried out on some of these chewing sticks showed that they posses antimicrobial activity against oral microbial flora such as Staphylococcus aureus and S. auricularis (Akande and Hayashi ,1998), Candida albicans, Aspergillus flavus, Microsporium gypseum and Trichophyton metagrophytes (Adekunle and Odukoya, 2006). The chewing stick has different names depending on different societies for instance, Miswak, Siwak or Arak is used in Middle East, Miswaki in Tanzania, Datan in India and Pakistan. In this research the efficacy of Miswak in preventing dental caries was investigated and compared with the efficacy of toothbrush and tooth- paste. Miswak is a tooth cleaning chewing stick from the tree of Salvadora persica. The following are the components of chewing stick: ... Nigerian Doctor Leading Major Study On Antiviral Drug Appearing to Treat COVID-19. Nigerian economy slips into recession. More preventative than curative, chewing sticks are twigs with frayed ends used to brush the … Antibacterial Agents and Chemotherapy; 32(4):598–600 [25] Akande, J. 1. The use of chewing sticks to brush the mouth has been the major practice in Nigeria both in the ancient and modern days. In conclusion, the results from this study clearly demonstrate the presence of antibacterial principles in most of the Nigerian chewing sticks. By V O Rotimi, B E Laughon, J G Bartlett and H A Mosadomi Cite Nigerian Chewing Stick Now sold as "organic toothbrush" oversees Sunday Joseph January 08, 2019 funny, 0 Comments. The stick, which is available everywhere, has antibacterial properties and can be used instead of toothbrush and toothpaste. I have a hundred dollar tooth brush and all my teeth btw. Unfortunately colonised and mentally enslaved Africans refused to accept this medical … The yellowish-brown root is used as chewing stick, producing a yellow discoloration of the lips and the teeth when chewed. Even today, many Indians in rural areas use neem twigs for brushing every morning. were investigated. Chewing Stick. They even want to teach us how to use the chewing stick that has existed over one thousand years ago. Chewing stick heightens sexual drive, improves blood levelSINCE the beginning of time, people have searched high and low for substances they could use to … The result revealed that the chewing stick showed activity against gram positive rod at the concentration of 62.5mg/ml with the zone of inhibition of 7mm and 5mm. dentalgist001-May 1, 2020. written on the package is ... "30 days supply of the toothbrush goes on sale for $15. Activities of Nigerian chewing stick extracts against Bacteroides gingivalis and Bacteroides melaninogenicus. It comes neatly packaged in a white case and has a "cutter". The normal chewing stick that we all know here in Nigeria is now sold outside the county as organic toothbrush. Not only is it a cheaper option to tooth paste, it also serves as a natural and organic means of cleaning the mouth. Activities of Nigerian chewing stick extracts against Bacteroides gingivalis and Bacteroides melaninogenicus. During the initial screening of 10 common Nigerian chewing sticks for antibacterial activity, we noted that Garcinia kola Heckel displayed good activity (Taiwo et al., 1999). In east Africa, the stick is called “mswaki”, the Swahili word for toothbrush. It also promises to whiten the teeth" V O Rotimi , B E Laughon , J G Bartlett , and H A Mosadomi Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205. REFERENCES Barnabas, C. G. and Nagarajan, S. (1988). Several researches have established that chewing sticks have many beneficial components for oral health. Pako is usually available for purchase for as … ... let alone being used as a chewing stick. use of the Nigerian chewing sticks may decrease the incidence of dental disease caused by microbes. Just watch this video. Nigerians have taken to social media platform to react to a viral report of how the ‘local Chewing Stick’ underwent rebranding overseas and is now known as ‘Organic Toothbrush’ The chewing stick which had undergone rebranding abroad is now being sold in London for £14.99 (N6959) and $15 in United States. Antimicrobial alkaloids from a Nigerian chewing stick (Fagara zanthoxyloides) Antimicrobial alkaloids from a Nigerian chewing stick (Fagara zanthoxyloides) Planta Med. It is used deeply in many cultures (Almas, 1995). Results of this study showed chewing sticks contained antibacterial agents but the concentration and composition of the active substances differed amongst the plants. It has antibacterial properties and helps keep gums healthy. It relieves stomach ache. So i figured since brushing is so destructive to give these a shot... they are very stout and i couldn't figure out what they tasted like. In Islam, this tree is traditionally used to create a chew stick called miswak, as frequently advocated for in the hadith (written traditions relating to the life of Muhammad). The chewing stick was and is still used by many for dental hygiene. It prevents dental plaque formations and associated … The rate of dental caries and periodontal diseases in the world is still high, regardless of progress in the oral and dental hygiene. Authors O O Odebiyi, E A Sofowora. Chewing stick also popularly known by many Nigerians as pako is an alternative option for oral hygiene. 0. But you see, Oyinbo people recently discovered the Miswak and are now calling it ‘The Twig Brush’. N O Salako Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The in vitro activities of extracts of Nigerian chewing sticks against Bacteroides gingivalis and B. melaninogenicus are presented. Rising attacks on Nigerian farmers hit food reserves. Any way, i bought this and miswak. This is a chewing stick, often referred to as Miswak by Muslims- and it has been in existence since forever. 1979 Jul;36(3):204-7. doi: 10.1055/s-0028-1097271. Almost everybody knows this because it is … The matured branchlets are also the parts used for chewing sticks. Activities of Nigerian chewing stick extracts against Bacteroidesgingivalis and Bacteroidesmelaninogenicus. YOUR chewing stick is as good as your toothbrush, the Dental Therapists Registration Board of Nigeria, ... Nigerian Stock Exchange. The chewing stick of Distemonathus benthmianus because of its better antifungal properties might be recommended for good oral health. However, the role of other known and unknown compounds can not be ruled out. EGS Mumghamba, FM Fabian, Tooth loss among habitual chewing‐stick and plastic toothbrush users in the adult population of Mtwara, rural Tanzania, International Journal of Dental Hygiene, 10.1111/j.1601-5037.2005.00131.x, 3, 2, (64-69), (2005). Read on to see some of the health benefits of this miraculous plant known as bitter leaf. Antimicrobial activity of flavonoids of some medicinal plants. A., Hayashi, Y. Chewing stick; Anti-plaque; Hygiene; Antibacterial; Dental. Potency of extract contents from selected tropical chewing sticks against Staphylococcus aureusand Staphylococcuauricularis. So im new to chewing on a stick for dental health... i mean my dogs do it. 1998. Hence, these two components may contribute to the inhibitory effect displayed by the chewing stick extracts. Chewing Stick Usage Through Africa or Asia, you may come across people casually chewing on a stick much like people may have a toothpick in their mouth. The natural toothbrush or chewing stick called “Mis- wak” has been used since ancient history. Nigerian Chewing Stick Now sold as "organic toothbrush" oversees Seems we are using an organic toothbrush everyday here in Nig... Nigerian Chewing Stick Now sold as "organic toothbrush" oversees. In Senegal, the chewing stick is called “sothiou”, which means “to clean” in the local Wolof language. The effect of different extraction methods on the antiglycolytic and antiureolytic properties of Sorindeia warneckei--a Nigerian chewing stick. The twigs are generally cut to a thickness of a pencil; and are chewed until the end of the stick frays. Keywords. Compounds can not be ruled out composition of the health benefits of this study clearly demonstrate the of... 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